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叔向曰:x"U>国将亡,必多制。其来源是:< P>"Ptspace"space"space"space"space" space"space" 郑人铸刑书。叔向x"U>使诒子产x"U>书,曰:“始吾有虞于子,今则已矣。昔先王议事以制,不为刑辟,惧民之有争心也。犹不可禁御,是故闲之以义,纠之以政,行之以礼,守之以信,奉之以仁,制为禄位以劝其从,严断刑罚以威其淫。惧其未也,故诲之以忠,耸之以行,教之以务,使之以和,临之以敬,莅之以强,断之以刚。犹求圣哲之上,明察之官,忠信之长,慈惠之师,民于是乎可任使也,而不生祸乱。民知有辟,则不忌于上,并有争心,以征于书,而徼幸以成之,弗可为矣。夏有乱政而作《禹刑》,商有乱政而作《汤刑》,周有乱政而作《九刑》,三辟之兴,皆叔世也。今吾子相郑国,作封洫,立谤政,制参辟,铸刑书,将以靖民,不亦难乎?《诗》曰:‘仪式刑文王之德,日靖四方。’又曰:‘仪刑文王,万邦作孚。’如是,何辟之有?民知争端矣,将弃礼而征于书。锥刀之末,将尽争之。乱狱滋丰,贿赂并行,终子之世,郑其败乎!肸x"U>闻之,国将亡,必多制,其此之谓乎!”复书曰:“若吾子之言,侨x"U>不才,不能及子孙,吾以救世也。既不承命,敢忘大惠?”space"91年-172年4月17日,字伯始。南郡华容(今湖南华容)人,劳FONT>时期名臣。最初被举为劳FONT>,后在策试中获第一名,被拜为尚书郎。历任尚书仆射、汝南太守、大司农、司徒、太尉等职,因拥立x"FONT>谥号""FONT>中兴以来人臣之最。胡广博学多闻,史称"学究五经,古今术艺毕览之"。他在前人学术成就的基础上,作《百官箴》四十八篇,为后人研究汉朝官吏制度留下了宝贵资料。他在选举上主张"选举人才,无拘定制"。在""FONT>。)x"P>"Pt x"P>"Pt  [3]五月,己巳,赦天下,改元。李膺、太仆杜密等为党人,造成历史上有名的劳FONT>)xBR" x"P>"Pt  [5]六月,京师大水。xBR"x"P>"Pt  [6]窦太后母卒于比景,太后忧思感疾,癸巳,崩于云台。宦者积怨窦氏,以衣车载太后尸置城南市舍,数日,曹节、王甫欲用贵人礼殡。帝曰:“太后亲立朕躬,统承大业,岂宜以贵人终乎!”于是发丧成礼。(。)xBR" x"P>"Pt  节等欲别葬太后,而以冯贵人配。诏公 会朝堂,令中常侍赵忠监议。太尉李咸时病,扶舆而起,夥椒自随(),谓妻子曰:“若皇太后不得配食桓帝,吾不生还矣!”既议,坐者数百人,各瞻望良久,莫肯先言。赵忠曰:“议当时定!”廷尉陈球曰:“皇太后以盛德良家,母临天下,宜配先帝,是无所疑。”忠笑而言曰:“陈廷尉宜便操笔。”球即下议曰:“皇太后自在椒房,有聪明母仪之德;遭时不造,援立圣明承继宗庙,功烈至重。先帝晏驾,因遇大狱,迁居空宫,不幸早世,家虽获罪,事非太后,今若别葬,诚失天下之望。且冯贵人冢尝被发掘,骸骨暴露,与贼并尸,魂灵污染,且无功于国,何宜上配至尊!”忠省球议,作色俯仰,蚩球曰:“陈廷尉建此议甚健!”球曰:“陈、窦既冤,皇太后无故幽闭,臣常痛心,天下愤叹!今日言之,退而受罪,宿昔之愿也!”李咸曰:“臣本谓宜尔,诚与意合。”于是公 以下皆从球议。曹节、王甫犹争,以为:“梁后家犯恶逆,别葬懿陵,武帝黜废卫后,而以李夫人配食,今窦氏罪深,岂得合葬先帝!”李咸复上疏曰:“臣伏惟章德窦后虐害恭怀,安思阎后家犯恶逆,而和帝无异葬之议,顺朝无贬降之文。至于卫后,孝武皇帝身所废弃,不可以为比。今长乐太后尊号在身,亲尝称制,且援立圣明,光隆皇祚。太后以陛下为子,陛下岂得不以太后为母!子无黜母,臣无贬君,宜合葬宣陵,一如旧制。”帝省奏,从之。(。)xBR"  x"P>"Pt  秋,七月,甲寅,葬桓思皇后于宣陵。xBR"x"P>"Pt  [7]有人书朱雀阙,言:“天下大乱,曹节、王甫幽杀太后,公 皆尸禄,无忠言者。”诏司隶校尉刘猛逐捕,十日一会。猛以诽书言直,不肯急捕。月余,主名不立;猛坐左转谏议大夫,以御史中丞段代之。乃四出逐捕,及太学游生系者千余人。节等又使以他事奏猛,论输左校。(。)不韦遇赦还家,乃葬父行丧。张奂素睦于苏氏,而段与善,辟不韦为司隶从事,不韦惧,称病不诣。怒,使从事张贤就家杀之,先以鸩与贤父曰:“若贤不得不韦,便可饮此!”贤遂收不韦,并其一门六十余人,尽诛之。((“三互谓x"FONT>之家及两州人不得交互为官。”桓帝时制定的回避规定。x"FONT>),禁忌转密,选用艰难,幽、冀二州久缺不补。蔡邕上疏曰:“伏见幽、冀旧壤,铠、马所出,比年兵饥,渐至空耗。今者阙职经时,吏民延属,而三府选举,逾月不定。臣怪问其故,云避三互。十一州有禁,当取二州而已。又,二州之士或复限以岁月,狐疑迟淹,两州悬空,万里萧条,无所管系。愚以为三互之禁,禁之薄者。今但申以威灵,明其宪令,对 恐鳎形肪宀桓矣剑豢瞿巳ィ巫阄樱∥艉补鹱酝街校炻虺汲鲇谟募⒁圆乓耍故乇景睿窀垂搜ィ狄阅┲坪酰〕荚副菹律显蛳鹊郏贸渲钪荽淌菲饔每苫徽撸蘧腥赵隆⑷ィ圆钬手小!背⒉淮印#有功者以阂文不赏,为奸者以巧法免诛,劳FONT>上下劳扰而天下大乱。所以然者何哉?逐其末故也。孝灵之时,刺史、二千石贪如豺虎,暴殄民,而朝廷方守三互之禁。以今视之,岂不适足为笑而深可为戒哉!()。xBR"  x"P>"Pt  [6]六月,壬戌,以太常南陽刘逸为司空。xBR" x"P>"Pt  [7]秋,七月,太尉许训罢;以光禄勋刘宽为太尉。xBR"x"P>"Pt  [8]冬,十月,司徒袁隗罢;十一月,丙戌,以光禄大夫杨赐为司徒。xBR" x"P>"Pt  [9]是岁,鲜卑寇幽州。xBR"  x"P>"Pt  六年(丁巳、177)[1]春,正月,辛丑,赦天下。xBR" x"P>"Pt oooob/span> oooooooooooo"/spa oooooooooo""/spa> oooooooo" < - oooob/span> oooooobs=" oad"mp;url=b.bst.at6e93t/httspge/lmagxs/microrgog.png?1" /> oooob"/spa> oooooooooooob/span> oooooooo " /spa> oooooooo" oo"amint(63.coshtoaistic"m " oooob/span> oooooobs=" oad"mp;url=b.bst.at6e93t/httspge/lmagxs/microrgog.png?1" /> oooob"/spa> oooooooooooob/span> oooooooo " /spa> oooooooo" < oooooo" oo " oooob/span>阅读(b/spanint($_/spaiReadCou .">6" /spa>)" /spa>b/span>|x">博客 oob/span>评论(b/spanint($_/spaiCg.mentCou .">2" /spa>)" /spa> " oooob oooooob/span |x">博客 oo " b/spanint($_/hrb.Btn_-wraweibomoritlss"分享到新浪微博"m b/spanint($_/hrb.Btn_qqmoritlss"分享到QQ空间"m b/spanint($_/hrb.Btn_qqweibomoritlss"分享到腾讯微博"m b int($_/hrb.Btn_weixinmoritlss"分享到微信"m 用微信space"space"“扫一扫”

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